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B.B. King: Sept. 16,1925-May 14, 2015

The sad news that BB King has passed away was expected. On May 1, he wrote on his Facebook page that he was in hospice care.

The New York Times obituary, written by Tim Weiner, says that King “married country blues to big-city rhythms” to create an unmistakable sound. The theme – that King was instrumental in increasing the reach of the most American of genres – continues in the piece:

The music historian Peter Guralnick once noted that Mr. King helped expand the audience for the blues through “the urbanity of his playing, the absorption of a multiplicity of influences, not simply from the blues, along with a graciousness of manner and willingness to adapt to new audiences and give them something they were able to respond to.”

Riley B. King — The “B.” apparently didn’t stand for anything — was, of course, better known as BB. That stood for Blues Boy, which had been shortened from “Beale Street Blues Boy,” his performing name in Memphis.

King was born in 1925 on a plantation near Itta Bena, Mississippi. He was the son of sharecroppers. The story of King’s growth and maturation is a trip through blues history. As a youth, he sang in the gospel choir at the Elkhorn Baptist Church in Kilmichael, MS. Wikipedia offers two stories on how he got his first guitar. One is that he bought it for $15. The other is that blues guitarist Bukka White – a cousin on his mother’s side – gave it to him.

In 1943, he left Kilmichael and played guitar with the Famous St. John’s Quartet in Inverness, MS. This included radio exposure. Three years later, he moved to Memphis and lived with White for most of a year. He “began to develop an audience” when he made appearances on Sonny Boy Williamson’s show on KWEM in West Memphis.

The story moves on from there. It includes a key turning point, according to Wikipedia:

It was there that he first met T-Bone Walker. King said, “Once I’d heard him for the first time, I knew I’d have to have [an electric guitar] myself. ‘Had’ to have one, short of stealing!”

Above is “Stormy Monday” and below is “The Thrill is Gone.”

Wikipedia and The New York Times were used to write this post. Home page image: Heinrich Klaffs.

Here’s What’s Here

The Daily Music Break explores every genre of music, from hip hop to opera. It's simple: Boundaries are dumb. It's all good. Here is more about the site and here is our index:

--A Tribe Called Quest to The Dick Hyman Trio (In other words, A to H)

--Indigo Girls to Queen Ida (I to Q)

--Radiohead to ZZ Top (R to Z)

Reading Music

The stories of the great bands and musicians are fascinating. Musicians as a group are brilliant, but often troubled. The combination of creativity and drama makes for great reading.

Here are some books to check out.

Duke Ellington brought class, sophistication and style to jazz which, until that point, was proudly unpolished and raucous. His story is profound. The author, Terry Teachout, also wrote "Pops," the acclaimed bio of Louis Armstrong. Click here or on the image.

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What else is there to say? Here is the story behind every song written by The Beatles. Click here or on the image.

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The Grateful Dead don't get enough credit for the profound nature of its lyrics. Many of the band's songs are driven by a deep and literate Americana ("I'm Uncle Sam/That's who I am/Been hidin' out/In a rock and roll band" and "Majordomo Billy Bojangles/Sit down and have a drink with me/What's this about Alabama/Keeps comin' back to me?").

David Dodd's exhaustive study tells the story, song by song. Click here or on the image.

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